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PORT DESCRIPTION                        

 Location: Banias Oil Terminal consists of 6 submarine oil pipelines extending from the coast between the S entrance point of Huraysun Bay and the mouth of Nahr Huraysun 1.75nm SSE.

 General overview: The port's throughput comprises crude oil and petroleum products.

 Traffic figures: Approx 330 vessels visit the port annually.

 Load Line zone: Summer.

 Max size: Tankers up to 130,000t for loading and 97,000t for discharging. 


 ETA's: Vessels are required to give 72, 48 and 24, 12 and 4 hours notice of ETA. To avoid delay on arrival, it is essential to communicate with "YKM5" at least 48 hours prior to arrival, and thereafter maintain contact stating cargo quantity and grade, max rate (load/discharge), SWL of derrick capacity, specific gravity and temperature, gt and arrival draft. Failure to give any notice at least 24 hours prior to arrival, may delay the notice of readiness by an amount equal to the difference between 24 hours and the number of hours of notice prior to arrival, and this at the sole discretion of the terminal.

 In the event of a ship having arrived without having contacted Banias Control 4 hours before ETA, a 4 hour period shall accrue to Banias Terminal before a Mooring Master boards the ship.

 Communications: Radio callsign "YKM5", private station for communication with tankers bound for Banias.

 VHF: Ch 16, callsign "Banias Control".

 Notices of readiness: Notice of Readiness arrived tendered will be considered when vessel arrives in the near vicinity of the Markau Lightbuoy where the Pilot/Mooring Master will board, and stay on board vessel during the whole operation. The Mooring Master is the vessel's adviser, and the terminal representative on board a vessel for all mooring, loading/discharging, unmooring, and communications with shore, etc.

 General notices & regulations:  

1. Ship hoses connecting manifold to be equipped with pressure gauge. 

2. When discharging, the pressure at the ship's manifold should not exceed 7kg/cm2, and within this range of pressure the terminal installations are capable of receiving at various rates depending on berth and storage tanks allocated to the ship.

The Terminal Administration would prefer the ship's pumps to be rated accordingly, and to be of the centrifugal type. 

3. Loading on top slops (LOT) is not acceptable, and slops to be segregated from cargo, as Banias Terminal is not equipped with slops treatment facilities. Pressure gauge to be fitted on ship's portside connecting manifold. 

4. Berthing operations: (Loading/unloading): Will take place only between 0700hrs and 1600hrs LT in summer, ie during daylight, SHINC and weather permitting. Summer starts May 1, winter starts Nov 1. 

5.  Boat ropes to be rigged on either side of vessel and of not less than 4.5in circumference.  

6. Derricks and cranes must be capable of plumbing overside abreast of discharging manifold. 

7. Loading/discharging manifold: 2 spanners 0.25in, 2 spanners 0.875in, 2 hammers 7lbs, 1 axe 2.5lbs. Hose hang-off bitts are required at approx 3m from the ship's rail at the loading manifold to secure submarine hoses on the port side. 

8. Deck watch: A. continuous watch on deck must be maintained throughout operations, especially towards the shore signal station in position 3513.0'N  03557.0'E, to ensure safe operations and to avoid delays, in addition to a continuous watch on Ch 16RT. 

9. Deck scupper plugs: Deck scuppers must be effectively plugged and on no account should plugs be removed. 

10. Vessels in berth: Vessels are not allowed to remain in berth for any reason when loading/discharging is terminated, hoses disconnected and dropped to sea 

11. Lighting: During hours of darkness, the manifold, the poop, and the mooring area of sea in vicinity of vessel must be adequately lit. 

12. Main engines must be kept on short notice. Repairs, which will immobilise must not be carried out in berth. 

13. Deck machinery must be ready for immediate use at all times. 

14. Whistle or siren to be available at all times.

 15. Signalling: An "Aldis" type signalling lamp to be readily available.

16. Stores: It is strictly forbidden for provisions, stores, or other items to be received or disembarked whilst loading/discharging of cargo is in progress. Launches or other craft other than that of terminal must not lie alongside during the said period.

 17. Dry Certificate: Master to provide 3 copies of Dry Tank Certificate to shore representative duly signed.

18. Leaving berth due to bad weather: Ship must let go the mooring ropes in water and leave berth. The ropes can be collected when weather permits.



 Sea buoys, fairways and channels: Vessels bound for Banias should follow leading corridors: 

1. )  3513.0'N  03542.0'E

2.)  3513.0'N  03556.9'E

3.)  3516.0'N  03555.4'E

  4.)  3516.0'N  03540.6'E

 Vessels may otherwise be subject to severe fines.

 The shore signal station is recognised by lozenger shaped lights in position 3513.0'N  03557.0'E.

 A safety waiting area is in the vicinity of the Marquab Lightbuoy (3512.3'N  03554.5'E).

 Pilot: Compulsory. The oil company pilots or Mooring Masters meet tankers about 2.0nm SW of the signal station, and remain on board during loading.

 A combination of accommodation and pilot ladder to be rigged. accommodation ladder to be lowered down to 3.6m above sea water. Pilot ladder to be placed close abaft and down to 0.9m above sea water.

 Anchorages: In the event of a berth not being available or of suspension of mooring operations on arrival, a good anchorage is to be used at the Master's discretion, S of the berths in the vicinity of the Marquab Buoy. A listening watch should be maintained on VHF Ch 16 or a visual watch on the shore signal station to avoid delays.

 On being advised of expected time that Mooring Master will board, anchor should be heaved short before his arrival.

Vessels awaiting a berth may obtain anchorage in depths of 14-18m, S or SSW of Berth No 6; the bottom is rock, coral and sand. Depths to seaward of the oil berths are too great for safe anchorage.

 Tidal range and flow: Negligible.

 Dock density: 1030.

 Weather: Prevailing winds: NW'ly.

 Principal navigation aids: A signal station (white with two masts) stands on the coast 1.1nm NNW of the boat harbour. A radio beacon transmits from a position 0.6nm ENE of the boat harbour.

 Charts: BA 2796, 1579. Admiralty Pilot NP49.

 Tugs: There are no tugs, but 5 small mooring boats are available to assist in berthing and unberthing.

 Mooring information: Mooring Area: Open sea line berths (CBMs) are situated to the N of Marquab Lightbuoy. Each berth is equipped with flexible hoses connected to pipelines to shore installations.

 Vessel berthing confirmation: Vessels awaiting at anchorage for confirmation or other reasons beyond the control of Banias Terminal, will be boarded by Mooring Master within 4 hours after such confirmation is received providing free allocated berth and suitable weather.

 Safety of mooring and anchor chains: Vessels must have not less than 11 shackles of anchor chain on each side.

 On completion of mooring operation, vessel must have between 6.5 and 7.5 shackles of anchor chain tight in the water in conformity with vessel's LOA.


In the event of a fire, oil spillage, or other emergency on the vessel, the emergency signal is: Three or more blasts of not less than 10 seconds duration each, on whistle or siren supplemented by a continuous ringing of the general alarm bells.

 Safety Check List must be completed, contact Banias Terminal.



 Bunkers/water/stores: Fresh water: Available, via agent.

 Bunkering: Diesel oil in drums.

 Medical facilities: Banias National Hospital, BNS Almaram Hospital and Tartous-Al-Basel Hospital, 35km.

 Transport: Nearest airport: Lattakia 30km.

 Nearest railway: Banias, 5km; Tartous, 30km; Lattakia, 55km.

 Public holidays: Jan 1, Jan 8, Mar 23, Apr 17, May 1, May 6, Sep 9, Nov 25, 3 days in Ramadan and 4 days The Feast of Immolation.

 Working hours: Throughout 24 hours.

 Officials and visitors: The boarding of vessels whilst in mooring is restricted to persons holding valid passes which are issued by the Terminal Superintendent on application to ship's agents and authorized chandlers. This restriction is applied in conjunction with the Syrian Harbour and Security Authorities. Ship's crew are not to be disembarked for any reason before official authorization is granted.

 Guests are not allowed unless visit is approved by Master and shore representative conjointly.


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Note : some information may changed without notice .